This essay will be on why the European and Asians were able to develop cultures and Empires, while the Native Americans, and Africans could not.
The main reason is, horses, and transportation. Without these things, people have to resort to being in isolated, tribal areas, constantly moving. Agriculture is also a factor, but that is for the next part. Africa and North America have no horses, or any animal to be domesticated for transport, meaning they could not settle down, make a Central city, and begin to create Culture, science, philosophy, and religion, but they cannot. They must stick to tribes, and they must wander, for they have no real way to do any of those, they lack transportation.
Imagine if there was an apocalypse, and all you had was limited food, everything you could hunt, and no fertile farmland/transportation. What would you do, search for other survivors, besides your neighbors and family? No, that is a waste of time, and effort, you are focused on survival, and that means roaming from place to place, following animals, and hunting them. You don't have the ability to unite other survivors, and create a Central area, because you don't have transportation, and you don't have anyway to sustain yourself in that one area, because there is no farmland, and transport to bring game, and food back to the Central area
Europe and Asia were able to create Empires, because they had fertile farmland, and an abundance of transportation, which is key to civilization. If anyone has learned about why and how people settle, you will already know this. In that central city, you will need to hunt, but with transportation, you can leave, and come back, without having to move constantly. And to expand those empires, you also need transportation for food, military, and to actually claim that land.
These essays were inspired by @k_kirche who I debated the very same thing, the reason why Africans did not create Culture, how different races have different attributes and why, etc., so, if you are reading, I thank you for the inspiration for these essays, and hope you successfully take the message out of these.