You would agree with us that Google changed the way we use the Internet, here's a brief history.
Google began in 1995 as a research project by
Larry Page and Sergey Brin , both Ph.D. students at Stanford University.
In the search of a dissertation theme, Page had been considering—among other things—exploring the mathematical properties of the
World Wide Web, understanding its link structure as a huge graph. His supervisor,
Terry Winograd, encouraged him to pick this idea (which Page later recalled as "the best advice I ever got" ) and Page focused on the problem of finding out which web pages link to a given page, based on the consideration that the number and nature of such backlinks was valuable information about that page (with the role of citations in academic publishing in mind).
In his research project, nicknamed "BackRub", Page was soon joined by Brin, who was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship . Brin was already a close friend, whom Page had first met in the summer of 1995, when Page was part of a group of potential new students that Brin had volunteered to show around the campus. Both Brin and Page were working on the
Stanford Digital Library Project (SDLP). The SDLP's goal was “to develop the enabling technologies for a single, integrated and universal digital library" and it was funded through the National Science Foundation , among other federal agencies.
In 1998, Larry Page created a computerized version of the Google letters using the free graphics program GIMP. The typeface was changed and an exclamation mark was added mimicking the Yahoo! logo.
"There were a lot of different color iterations", says Ruth Kedar, the graphic designer who developed the now-famous logo. "We ended up with the primary colors, but instead of having the pattern go in order, we put a secondary color on the L, which brought back the idea that Google doesn't follow the rules."